GDA Nursing Class Notes 38


Oral care, also known as oral hygiene or dental care, refers to the maintenance of the health and cleanliness of the mouth, teeth, gums, and related structures. It is an essential aspect of overall health and well-being. Proper oral care practices are essential for preventing dental problems, such as cavities and gum disease, and for promoting good oral health.

•Oral hygiene means maintaining the cleanliness of the mouth

•To keep the mouth clean

•To prevent mouth infection

•To prevent tooth decay


A tray containing of

•Macintosh and towel

•Small jug with warm water

•Feeding cup

•Small cup 2

•Artery forceps

•Dissecting forceps

A small container containing of

•Face towel

•Gauze pieces

•Kidney tray

•Paper bag

•Choose one emollient

•Choose one solution of mouth wash.


1.Collect all the articles and place near bed side

2.Explain the procedure

3.Wash the hands

4.Place macintosh and face towel on patient’s chest

5.Place the kidney tray close to the chin

6.Raise the head of the bed to 45

7.Soak the gauze piece in the solution by using an artery clamp squeeze the excess

8.Clean using up and down movements from gum to crown, clean oral cavity from proximal to distal, outer to inner aspect

9.Instruct the patient to gargle

10.Clean the tongue from inner to outer aspect

11.Provide water to rinse the mouth and dry with face towel

12.Lubricate the lips.

class 1