GDA Nursing Class Notes 17

Surgical Mask

A surgical mask is a type of personal protective equipment (PPE) that is commonly used in healthcare settings to prevent the spread of infections and to protect both the wearer and others from respiratory droplets and particles. Surgical masks are loose-fitting and are designed to cover the nose and mouth. They are typically made of multiple layers of material, including non-woven fabric.


Gloves are a type of personal protective equipment (PPE) worn on the hands to protect them from potential hazards, contaminants, or to maintain a sterile environment. Gloves can serve various purposes and are used in a range of settings, including healthcare, food service, laboratories, cleaning, and more.


Antiseptics are chemical substances used to inhibit the growth of or kill microorganisms on living tissues such as the skin or mucous membranes. They are commonly used to prevent infections in wounds, cuts, and other minor injuries. Antiseptics are distinct from disinfectants, which are used to kill or inhibit the growth of microorganisms on surfaces or inanimate objects.

Surgeons Cap

A surgeon’s cap, also known as a surgical cap or scrub cap, is a type of headgear worn by medical professionals, particularly surgeons and surgical teams, in the operating room.

Sterilization Drum

A sterilization drum, also known as an autoclave drum or sterilization container, is a specialized container used in healthcare and laboratory settings to hold medical instruments, equipment, or other items during the sterilization process. The sterilization drum is designed to maintain the sterility of the contents while they undergo the sterilization procedure, usually in an autoclave.


An autoclave is a device used for sterilization by subjecting items to high-pressure saturated steam. It is commonly used in various industries, including healthcare, laboratories, and manufacturing, to eliminate microorganisms, such as bacteria, viruses, and spores, from equipment, instruments, and other materials.


A ventilator, also known as a mechanical ventilator or respirator, is a medical device designed to provide mechanical breathing support to individuals who are unable to breathe adequately on their own. Ventilators are used in various medical settings, including intensive care units (ICUs), emergency rooms, and during surgeries. They help maintain oxygen levels and remove carbon dioxide from the blood while supporting the respiratory system.

ECG machine

An electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG) machine is a medical device used to record the electrical activity of the heart over a specific period of time. This test is known as an electrocardiogram, and it provides valuable information about the heart’s rhythm, rate, and overall electrical function. ECGs are commonly used in medical settings to diagnose various heart conditions and assess cardiac health.


A nebulizer is a medical device used to deliver medication directly to the lungs in the form of a fine mist. It is commonly used to treat respiratory conditions such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and other lung disorders. Nebulizers are particularly useful for patients who have difficulty using inhalers or for those who require higher doses of medication.


BiPAP (Bilevel Positive Airway Pressure) is a type of non-invasive ventilation used to provide breathing support to individuals with respiratory conditions, especially those who have difficulty breathing on their own due to conditions like sleep apnea, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and other respiratory disorders. BiPAP delivers different airway pressures during inhalation and exhalation, helping to maintain open airways and improve oxygenation.

Hemodialysis Machine

Hemodialysis is a medical procedure used to remove waste products and excess fluids from the blood when the kidneys are not functioning properly. A hemodialysis machine, also known as a dialysis machine, is a specialized medical device that performs this procedure. It works by pumping blood from the patient’s body, filtering it through a dialyzer (artificial kidney), and then returning the filtered blood back to the patient.

Infusion Pump

An infusion pump is a medical device used to deliver fluids, medications, or nutrients directly into a patient’s bloodstream in a controlled and precise manner. These pumps are commonly used in hospitals, clinics, and other healthcare settings to administer intravenous (IV) therapies, including medications, fluids, blood products, and parenteral nutrition.

Aspirator Machine

An aspirator machine, also known as a suction machine or suction aspirator, is a medical device used to remove fluids, secretions, mucus, or other materials from a patient’s body, typically from the airway or a surgical site. Aspirators are commonly used in healthcare settings, home care, and emergency situations to aid in maintaining clear airways and preventing complications related to excessive fluid buildup.