GDA Nursing Class Notes 24


Bed making is an essential aspect of healthcare and home care that involves preparing and arranging a bed to ensure cleanliness, comfort, and hygiene for the patient or occupant. Proper bed making is important for infection control, pressure ulcer prevention, and overall well-being.

Bed making is a systematic way of preparing the appropriate bed based on the condition of the patient , which adopts scientific principles of nursing.


•Open bed

•Closed bed

•Occupied bed


a. Blanket

b. Pillow

c. Pillow cover

d. Top sheet

e. Draw sheet

f. Macintosh

g. Bottom sheet

h. A bowl with antiseptic solution

i. Duster -2

j. Laundry bag


A closed bed is an empty bed in which the top cover are arranged that all linen beneath the spread is fully protected from dust and dirt while waiting for patient. A closed bed is a type of bed-making technique used in healthcare settings, particularly in hospitals, nursing homes, and other care facilities. It is called a “closed” bed because it is made in such a way that the linens are completely closed off and ready for a new patient, even if the room is currently unoccupied. This method helps maintain cleanliness and infection control in healthcare settings.


Open bed is made as one corner of the linen is folded back to let the patient in. The top linen is fan folded to the foot end of the bed or to one side of the bed. An open bed, sometimes referred to as an unoccupied bed, is a bed in a healthcare setting that has been prepared and arranged for a patient’s use but is currently empty. It is a standard practice to prepare an open bed before a patient is admitted or returns to their room.


Occupied bed is made with the patient, for a patient who can not get out of the bed. An occupied bed refers to a bed that is made while the patient or occupant remains in the bed. Making an occupied bed is a common task in healthcare settings, such as hospitals, nursing homes, and home healthcare, where patients may have mobility limitations or medical conditions that prevent them from getting out of bed. Making an occupied bed requires careful attention to patient comfort, hygiene, and safety.