GDA Nursing Class Notes 32

Digestive System

–Organs: Mouth, esophagus, stomach, intestines, liver, pancreas

–Function: Processes and breaks down food into nutrients that can be absorbed by the body. Also eliminates waste products.

Nervous System

•Organs: Brain, spinal cord, nerves

•Function: Controls and coordinates bodily functions, processes sensory information, and allows for cognitive activities and communication.

Muscular System

–Organs: Skeletal muscles

–Function: Enables movement and locomotion, supports posture, and generates heat.

Skeletal System

–Organs: Bones, cartilage, ligaments

–Function: Provides structural support, protection for internal organs, and serves as a site for blood cell production and mineral storage.

Integumentary System

–Organs: Skin, hair, nails

–Function: Acts as a protective barrier against the external environment, regulates temperature, and contains sensory receptors.

Endocrine System

–Organs: Various glands (e.g., pituitary gland, thyroid gland, adrenal glands)

–Function: Produces hormones that regulate various bodily functions, growth, metabolism, and homeostasis.

urinary System

–Organs: Kidneys, ureters, bladder, urethra

–Function: Filters and eliminates waste products from the blood, maintains electrolyte balance, and regulates fluid levels.

Reproductive System

–Organs: Male and female reproductive organs (e.g., testes, ovaries, uterus)

–Function: Facilitates reproduction and the continuation of the species.